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Pseudodystonic Posture Secondary to Klippel–Feil Syndrome and Diastematomyelia

Authors:

Martin Lopez-Vicchi,

Sanatorio de la Trinidad Mitre, Buenos Aires, AR
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Gustavo Da Prat,

Sanatorio de la Trinidad Mitre, Buenos Aires, AR
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Emilia Mabel Gatto

Sanatorio de la Trinidad Mitre, Buenos Aires; Department of Movement Disorders, Instituto Neurociencias de Buenos Aires (INEBA), Buenos Aires, AR
About Emilia Mabel
Ga_mem@yahoo.com
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Abstract

Background: Dystonic postures possess a great number of differential diagnoses.

Phenomenology Shown: We describe a pseudodystonic posture in a 61-year-old woman with skeletal and extra-skeletal abnormalities.

Educational Value: Klippel–Feil syndrome represents an unusual cause of pseudodystonic posture to be considered in the differential diagnosis of dystonia.

How to Cite: Lopez-Vicchi M, Da Prat G, Gatto EM. Pseudodystonic Posture Secondary to Klippel–Feil Syndrome and Diastematomyelia. Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements. 2015;5:325. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/tohm.276
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  Published on 01 Jul 2015
 Accepted on 04 Jun 2015            Submitted on 17 May 2015

A 61-year-old female born of full-term normal delivery after a non-consanguineous marriage, reported congenital short neck with abnormal posture, unilateral sensorineural hearing loss, and migraine. She sought consultation at our center for chronic headaches and reported that when she was a teenager she was misdiagnosed with cervical dystonia. Clinical examination showed head tilt, limitation of movement at the cervical level, and low posterior hair implantation (Video 1). Spinal magnetic resonance imaging revealed vertebral fusion between the medulla and C4 as well as partial splitting between C2 and C3.

Video 1 

Clinical Examination. Head tilt, posture-mimicking laterocollis (pseudodystonia) with low posterior hairline in Klippel–Feil syndrome.

Klippel–Feil syndrome (KFS) is a rare congenital disorder (1 in 50,000 people), characterized by a defect in the formation or segmentation of the cervical vertebrae with short neck, low posterior hairline, and limited neck movement.1 Extra-skeletal manifestations and spinal abnormalities including posterior fossa cysts or diastematomyelia may occur in KFS.2

In this case, KFS represents an unusual mimicking dystonia or pseudodystonic syndrome where sustained muscle contractions, unusual twisting movements, and/or abnormal postures occur secondary to underlying abnormalities.

Notes

1 Funding: None. 

2 Financial Disclosures: None. 

3 Conflict of Interest: The authors report no conflict of interest. 

Acknowledgments

We thank the patient for her participation.

References

  1. Brokinkel, B Wiebe, K Hesselmann, V et al. (2013). Surgical treatment in a patient with Klippel-Feil syndrome and anterior cervical meningomyelocele: A case report and review of literature. Eur Spine J 22: S517–S520. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-013-2769-6. [PubMed]  

  2. Dickerman, RD, Colle, KO and Mittler, MA (2004). Intramedullary inflammatory mass dorsal to the Klippel–Feil deformity: error in development or response to an abnormal motion segment?. Spinal Cord 42: 720–722. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.sc.3101645. [PubMed]  

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